Debate On Overhauling Boston Schools’ Assignment System Continues


13 Nov 2012

The intense conversation continues about proposed student assignment plans for the Boston Public Schools.

An external advisory committee has met almost 100 times since it was appointed earlier this year. Since September, it has held dozens of community meetings throughout the city to discuss 12 or so new zoning proposals.

The committee holds a meeting to update the community on Tuesday night. It had been expected to narrow down the choices and make a recommendation to the BPS superintendent this month, but that timeline has now been extended until the middle of December. The plan must then be acted on by the school committee and the mayor.

Tough School Choices

It was a school night and dozens of parents, some with children in tow, turned out for a recent community meeting at the Mildred Avenue K-8 School in Mattapan. They were there to consider new school assignment proposals from the external advisory committee.

Natalie Jones said she was in for a rude awakening when she decided to enroll her 5-year-old daughter, Beloved, in kindergarten. The process involved visits to more than 10 schools.

“It felt like I was in a different school system at each school, because the differences were so wide,” Jones said. “Some schools had gyms and no gym teacher. Some schools had computers that were very, very old or very, very new, like state-of-the-art computers. Some schools had beautiful grounds and some just had nothing.

“They kept emphasizing choice but I really felt that I had a very limited choice,” she continued. “I went to the community meetings, they were emphasizing choice, choice. I said once you go into schools your choice is actually very limited. I wanted quality. I felt if we had quality the choice issue would work itself out.”

Jones lives in Mattapan but ended up enrolling Beloved in Dorchester.

Teresa Valerio was also at the meeting in Mattapan. She recently moved with her two children from Revere to Hyde Park. Her older son is in the sixth grade.

“The reason I moved here is because he wants to go to [Boston] Latin School and he wants to take the test,” Valerio said.

She tried to get both boys close to home in Hyde Park but, “they have a waiting list of a hundred-something kids.”

So one of Valerio’s son attends school in Mattapan, the other in Dorchester.

“Different schools, different times,” she said. “My little one’s bus stop is 20 minutes from my house. Of course he’s 8 and he can’t walk, so I’m paying someone to take him to school every day, to pick him up.”

She said it’s a logistical nightmare.

“I have to get my son up at 5 a.m. I drop him off at his bus stop at 6:30. And then my little one I have to drop him off at the lady’s house that’s taking him to school every day, so it’s been tough for me.”

It hasn’t been as tough for Cathy Aho, of Roslindale. Her two children, a second grader and a fourth grader, attend school in Roslindale, though at different schools.

“We’re fortunate,” Aho said. “And it’s very difficult for people who don’t win the lottery, and we know a lot of them have moved out of the city.

“I feel bad for those people who are in a neighborhood who either don’t like their neighborhood school or who don’t get into a school that’s right next door to them. But I worry about equity, too. You look at some portions of the city, there’s no equity there. They’re very imbalanced.”

Discrepancies Across The School System

White students are more likely to have high-quality schools close to their homes. Asians too. Less so for Hispanics. The greatest inequity is for black students.

“Black and Hispanic students on average travel farther to go to school than do white and Asian students,” said Tim Reardon, of the Metropolitan Area Planning Council, which represents cities and towns in the Boston area. He was presenting the findings of the council’s analysis of the current school assignment process to the external advisory committee.

“Black students who are attending a low-quality school are traveling more than a mile and a half just to get there each day, and half of blacks students who are attending a low-quality school are actually going outside their walk zone,” he said.

Added the council’s executive director, Marc Draisen: “I was taken aback by the level of problems in the current system.”

Draisen says the council’s analysis indicates that the proposals might not improve access to quality schools. Here’s his advice going forward: “I think that the city needs to be extraordinarily cautious that the difficulties we see currently are not either left the same or unintentionally worsened by the action that it’s taking.”

Read MAPC's analysis of the Boston Public School assignment proposals